Turkey’s Cotton Castle
Turkish word Pamukkale, which is the name of these wonderful pools, literally means Cotton Castle. Some believe that the name came from the appearance of the cliffs and terraces, but the local legend says that in ancient times this was the place where giants dried skimmed cotton. The Pamukkale cliffs, terraces and stalactites cover the area 2,5km long and 0,5km wide. They are a result of volcanic hot springs located on a plateau above the pool.
The water from the spring is calcium saturated, as well as with the other minerals, dissolved in the rain water passing through the ground on its way to the springs. When water overflows the edge of the plateau, it leaves a layer of calcium behind. Those layers have been increasing gradually through the ages and thus created vertical walls, terraces and sparkling-white stalactites. Just look at the color of the water – amazingly transparent azure.