Groups That Scare the World
The biggest threat to any citizen of any country in the world today is a terrorism. It`s defined as “The use of violence and intimidation in the pursuit of political aims”. Terrorist attacks are usually carried out in such a way as to maximize the severity and length of the psychological impact. Terror attacks like 9/11 will be remembered in history as major turning point in the 21 century. After 9/11 terrorism became number one enemy for most of the worlds population. Here is a list that mention some of the most dangerous terrorist groups:
11. Egyptian Islamic Jihad
The Egyptian Islamic Jihad originally referred to as “al-Jihad,” and then “the Jihad Group”, or “the Jihad Organization”, is an Egyptian Islamist group active since the late 1970s. It is under worldwide embargo by the United Nations as an affiliate of al-Qaeda. It is also banned by several individual governments including that of the Russian Federation. Since 1991 it has been led by Ayman al-Zawahiri. The organization’s original primary goal was to overthrow the Egyptian Government and replace it with an Islamic state. Later it broadened its aims to include attacking the United States and Israel interests in Egypt and abroad.
10. Aden-Abyan Islamic Army
The Aden-Abyan Islamic Army is an Islamist militant organization based in southern Yemen. The group was responsible for kidnapping of 16 foreign tourists in the December 1998 in Abyan. Yemeni government forces attacked place where the hostages were being held resulting in four of the hostages being killed while the remainder were freed. The Aden-Abyan Islamic Army was also believed to have been involved in the 2000 USS Cole bombing in Aden.
9. Islamic Jihad Movement in Palestine
The Islamic Jihad Movement in Palestine known in the West as simply Palestinian Islamic Jihad (PIJ), is a small Palestinian militant organization. The group has been designated as a terrorist group by the United States, the European Union, the United Kingdom, Japan, Canada, Australia and Israel. Their goal is the destruction of the state of Israel and its replacement with a Palestinian Islamic state.
The Irish Republican Army (IRA) was an Irish republican revolutionary military organisation. It was descended from the Irish Volunteers, an organisation established on 25 November 1913 that staged the Easter Rising in April 1916. In 1919, the Irish Republic that had been proclaimed during the Easter Rising was formally established by an elected assembly, and the Irish Volunteers were recognised as its legitimate army. Thereafter, the IRA waged a guerrilla campaign against British rule in Ireland in the 1919–21 Irish War of Independence.Following the signing in 1921 of the Anglo-Irish Treaty, which ended the War of Independence, a split occurred within the IRA. Members who supported the treaty formed the nucleus of the Irish National Army founded by IRA leader Michael Collins. However, much of the IRA was opposed to the treaty. The anti-treaty IRA fought a civil war with their former comrades in 1922–23, with the intention of creating a fully independent all-Ireland republic. Having lost the civil war, this group remained in existence, with the intention of overthrowing both the Irish Free State and Northern Ireland and achieving the Irish Republic proclaimed in 1916.
For four decades, the armed organisation Eta has waged a bloody campaign for independence for the seven regions in northern Spain and south-west France that Basque separatists claim as their own.On 5 September 2010, it announced a decision not to carry out further attacks. The group had declared ceasefires twice before, but abandoned them both.Euskadi Ta Azkatasuna, Eta, whose name stands for Basque Homeland and Freedom, first emerged in the 1960s as a student resistance movement bitterly opposed to General Franco’s repressive military dictatorship.Under Franco the Basque language was banned, their distinctive culture suppressed, and intellectuals imprisoned and tortured for their political and cultural beliefs.The Basque country saw some of the fiercest resistance to Franco. His death in 1975 changed all that, and the transition to democracy brought the region of two million people home rule.But despite the fact that Spain’s Basque country today enjoys more autonomy than any other – it has its own parliament, police force, controls education and collects its own taxes – Eta and its hardline supporters have remained determined to push for full independence.Its violent campaign has led to more than 820 deaths over the last 40 years, many of them members of the Guardia Civil, Spain’s national police force, and both local and national politicians who are opposed to Eta’s separatist demands.
6. Kurdistan Workers’ Party
The Kurdistan Workers’ Party is a Kurdish separatist organization which fights an armed struggle against the Turkish state for the creation of an independent Kurdistan. The group was founded on 27 November 1978 and led by Abdullah Öcalan. The PKK’s goal has been to create an independent, Kurdish state. Kurdistan is a geographical region that comprises southeastern Turkey, northeastern Iraq, northeastern Syria and northwestern Iran, where the Kurdish population is the majority. This goal has now been moderated to claiming cultural and political rights for the ethnic Kurdish population in Turkey. In 2010, however, after the PKK stepped up its military activities, Murat Karayilan threatened the PKK would declare independence if their demands were not met by the Turkish state. The PKK is listed as a terrorist organization internationally by a number of states and organizations, including the United States, United Nations, NATO and the European Union.
Hamas is Palestinian Islamist socio-political organization, with an affiliating military wing, the Izz ad-Din al-Qassam Brigades. Canada, Israel, the European Union, Japan, and the United States classify Hamas as a terrorist organization. Based largely upon the principles of Islamic fundamentalism that were gaining momentum throughout the Arab world in the 1980s, Hamas was founded as an offshoot of the Muslim Brotherhood in 1987, during the First Intifada.Sheik Ahmed Yassin declared in 1987 that Hamas was founded for the purpose of Jihad, to liberate Palestine and to establish an Islamic state “from the Mediterranean Sea to the Jordan River.” The Hamas affiliated military wing is responsible for the majority of violence and killings attributed to Hamas and conducted numerous attacks against Israeli civilians and soldiers. Tactics have included rocket attacks and from April 1993, until they ceased in January 2005, suicide bombings. Hamas violence has been directed at Israel, Egypt, and rivaling Palestinian movements in the West Bank and Gaza.
4. Islamic Movement of Uzbekista
The Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan is a militant Islamist group formed in 1991 by the Islamic ideologue Tahir Yuldashev. Operating out of bases in Tajikistan and Taliban-controlled areas of northern Afghanistan, the IMU launched a series of raids into southern Kyrgyzstan in 1999 and 2000. However, in 2001 the IMU was largely destroyed while fighting alongside the Taliban against United States-led coalition forces in Afghanistan. Despite occasional proclamations from Yuldeshev, and rumours of a re-emergence under the name the Islamic Movement of Turkestan (IMT), there is no reliable evidence indicating that the IMU/IMT remains an operational force in Central Asia outside of the Afghanistan/Pakistan border region.
Hezbollah is a Shi’a Islamist political and paramilitary organisation based in Lebanon. It is regarded as a resistance movement throughout much of the Arab and Muslim world. Multiple countries, including Sunni Arab countries such as Saudi Arabia, Egypt and Jordan, have condemned actions by Hezbollah, while Syria and Iran have generally been supportive of the organisation. Most Europeans countries do not classify Hezbollah as a terrorist organization, but the United States, Egypt, Israel, Australia, and Canada regard it in whole or in part as such. Hezbollah first emerged in 1982 as a militia in response to the Israeli invasion of Lebanon, also known as Operation Peace for Galilee, set on resisting the Israeli occupation of Lebanon during the Lebanese civil war. Its leaders were inspired by Ayatollah Khomeini, and its forces were trained and organized by a contingent of Iranian Revolutionary Guards. Hezbollah leaders have made numerous statements calling for the destruction of Israel, which they refer to as a “Zionist entity built on lands wrested from their owners.” Hezbollah, which started with only a small militia, has grown to an organization with seats in the Lebanese government, a radio and a satellite television-station, and programs for social development.
The Taliban, alternative spelling Taleban, is a hanafi Islamist political group that governed Afghanistan from 1996 until it was overthrown in late 2001. It has regrouped since 2004 and revived as a strong insurgency movement governing mainly local Pashtun areas, and fighting a guerrilla war against the governments of Afghanistan, Pakistan, and the NATO-led International Security Assistance Force (ISAF). The Taliban movement is a tribal confederacy of Ghilzai and their allied tribes who are staunch Afghan/Pashtoon Nationalists, and is primarily made up of members belonging to ethnic Pashtun tribes, along with volunteers from nearby Islamic countries such as Uzbeks, Tajiks, Punjabis, Arabs, Chechens, and others. It operates in Afghanistan and Pakistan, mostly in provinces around the Durand Line border. U.S. officials say their headquarters is in or near Quetta, Pakistan, and that Pakistan and Iran provide support, though both nations deny this. The main leader of the Taliban movement is Mullah Mohammed Omar, as to whom there is a $25 million reward for information leading to his capture, who is believed to be hiding in Afghanistan.
Al-Qaeda is a militant Islamist group founded sometime between August 1988 and late 1989. It operates as a network comprising both a multinational, stateless army and a radical Sunni Muslim movement calling for global Jihad. Most of the world considers it a terrorist organization. Al-Qaeda has attacked civilian and military targets in various countries, most notably the September 11 attacks on New York City and Washington, D.C. in 2001. The U.S. government responded by launching the War on Terror. Characteristic techniques include suicide attacks and simultaneous bombings of different targets. Activities ascribed to it may involve members of the movement, who have taken a pledge of loyalty to Osama bin Laden, or the much more numerous “al-Qaeda-linked” individuals who have undergone training in one of its camps in Afghanistan, Iraq or Sudan, but not taken any pledge. Al-Qaeda ideologues envision a complete break from the foreign influences in Muslim countries, and the creation of a new Islamic caliphate. Reported beliefs include that a Christian-Jewish alliance is conspiring to destroy Islam, which is largely embodied in the U.S.-Israel alliance, and that the killing of bystanders and civilians is religiously justified in jihad. Lately, after the assassination of Osama Bin-Laden, this group threatened Europe and USA, marking London as one of their primary targets. Will they realize their threats remains to be seen.